The town that is ancient on the north slopes of the Pierian hills is securely defined as Aigai, the main city associated with the kingdom of Lower Macedonia. Archaeological evidence prooves that the site had been continuously inhabited through the Early Bronze Age (third millenium BC) within the Early Iron Age (11th-8th centuries BC) it became an centre that is important rich and densely inhabited.
The city reached its point that is greatest of prosperity within the Archaic (7th-6th centuries BC) and Classical durations (5th-4th hundreds of years), with regards to was the main metropolitan centre of this area, the chair regarding the Macedonian kings additionally the place where most of the traditional sanctuaries were established. Furthermore, it had been currently famous in antiquity for the wide range associated with tombs which are royal were collected in its substantial necropolis. The finds from the excavations are exhibited into the shelter that is protective the royal tombs of Vergina and in the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki.
The initial excavations on the site had been completed in the century that is 19th the French archaeologist L. Heuzey and had been resumed in the 1930’s, after the liberation of Macedonia, by K. Rhomaios. Following the World that is second War in the 1950’s and 1960’s, the excavations had been directed by M. Andronicos, whom investigated the cemetery regarding the tumuli.
The Palace had been excavated by the University of Thessalonike and an element of the necropolis by the Archaeological Service for the Ministry of community as well.
In 1977, M. Andronicos brought to light the royal tombs into the Great Tumulus of Vergina (Megale Toumba). Probably the most remarkable among these was the tomb of Philip II (359-336 B.C.) and its own discovery is known as to be the most essential archaeological occasions regarding the century. Since that time, acontinuing excavations have revealed a few significant monuments.