Cape Artemision, famous for the battle that is naval the Greeks and also the Persians in 480 BC, is situated in the north tip of Euboea, opposite Mount Pelion. Called after the sanctuary of Artemis Proseioas, which stood in the coast, where in fact the Greek naval forces anchored during the battle, the cape largely owed its success to its location that is privileged authorized control associated with the entrance from the Aegean Sea into the Pagasitic, Maliakos, and north Euboean gulfs towards Chalkis. Because the area will not be correctly excavated, most of our information comes from the recognition of surface stays, from randomly found antiquities, and from the little proof that is literary to the sanctuary and the naval battle of 480 BC. Important information normally given by the Artemision inscription, which mentions the names of seventeen Euboean municipalities, whose location that is precise north Euboea, however, has not been identified.
Surface finds indicate that Cape Artemision is occupied since the duration that is neolithicapproximately 4000 BC). Pottery sherds through the Neolithic, Helladic, and Geometric durations were located on the hill that is low of, but shallow architectural stays of the Archaic and Classical periods claim that the location at Ellinikon was more crucial in later times. Settlers clearly chose to establish their communities near the coast, as well as in the Classical and Hellenistic durations settlements developed in areas that were more or less convenient for mooring. We were holding little, strengthened towns, which formed a network that is vast of forts, whose purpose would be to get a handle on the seaways for the reason that area. A network that is similar created, possibly by the Athenians, after the defection of Istiaia through the Delian League in 446 BC therefore the establishment of Athenian settlers in the order of Oreos. It’s also feasible, however, that this network developed at the conclusion regarding the century that is 4th throughout the 3rd century BC, when Alexander the fantastic’s successors were at war within the control of southern Greece. The limited and sporadic archaeological finds through the period that is roman that the region was at decrease at the same time.