Ancient Theatre Epidaurus


The famous theater at the Asklepieion of Epidaurus, the best & most celebrated of its sort, combines perfect acoustics with elegance and symmetrical proportions, characteristics praised already in the 2nd century advertisement by traveller and geographer Pausanias among the list of greatest monuments of Greek Antiquity. The theater ended up being built on the west part of mount Kynortio, at the end of this traditional period, in 340-330 BC through the general construction associated with Asklepios sanctuary. Every four years in springtime, after the Isthmia event, along with drama performances into the worship of Asklepios until the third century AD, it hosted music, track and drama competitions through the Asklepian games occurring. Based on Pausanias, the theater ended up being created by the architect Polykleitos the more youthful, that has also built the tholos (dome) into the sanctuary that is exact same fifty years earlier in the day. That is disputed by several researchers pleading that the creator of this monument continues to be unknown.

In the slope associated with the hill lies the limestone cavea, laterally supported by poros rock walls. It had been integrated two stages. Initially there was clearly only the reduced tier, with an 8,000 seat capability, while the component that is upper the epitheatro, had been added within the mid-second century BC, increasing the theatre’s capability to 13,000-14,000 seats. A diazoma that is pavedlanding), 1.90m in width, separates the two parts of the cavea. The lower component contains 34 rows of seats, split by 13 radiating stairways into 12 cunei that is equal although the top component contains 21 rows, and 12 more radiating stairways split each cuneus in 2 sections. 1st additionally the row that is final of reduced component, plus the very first row of the epitheatro have supported seats. The cavea had been surrounded by a corridor and a protective wall of poros stone, pierced by a entrance that is main. Monumental two-door propyla (entry doorways) at the parodoi (passageways) generated the proscenium (front side of scene) through an ramp that is ascending. A corridor that is wide the cavea through the orchestra, which will be an ideal circle 20m in diameter; at its centre stands the building blocks associated with Dionysus altar, the thymeli. The theater’s exemplary harmony is born to preparing that is exclusive according to a normal pentagon enclosing the orchestra, additionally the usage of three center points for the design of this curved tiers, in line with the cavea its specific egg-shaped type: the first point reaches the centre regarding the orchestra for the design for the main tiers, plus the other two equally distant through the first, for the design of this part tiers (on the left and the right). The designer improved the consumption and reverberation of sound waves by this subterfuge, yet others such as for example producing cavities at the base of seats.